The Western Interconnection Synchrophasor Program (WISP), the largest of the Smart Grid Investment Grants awarded by the U.S. Department of Energy in the Electric Transmission category, deployed massive synchrophasor system infrastructure to improve bulk electric system reliability. While more work is needed to realize the full potential of WISP, the West now has a time-synchronized, wide- area view of the Interconnection, a comprehensive data- sharing agreement among reliability entities, better generator models and other advanced applications.
The development of a Smart Grid in Europe has a strong link to the climate goals for sustainable energy systems. Europe has been at the forefront of smart grid deployments, especially in the areas of managing large penetrations of renewable sources of energy, advanced metering infrastructure (AMI) and on advanced information technology.
The International Energy Agency estimates that 33.8 million people in Latin America do not have access to electricity. The World Bank says the figure tops 1.6 billion people worldwide. Most of these people live in rural and isolated areas that are often neglected by electrification projects due to high costs and technical difficulties.
To efficiently administer the growing cities, providers of infrastructure services (utilities) and governments are increasingly using IT solutions in what is now known as “smart cities.” Definitions vary from “instrumented, interconnected and intelligent” to the ones that “use smart computing technologies to make the critical infrastructure components and services … more intelligent, interconnected and efficient.” Fundamentally, information becomes an enabler for improvements, which spans better measurements, better analysis, and better action (automation, where feasible).