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Approved & Proposed IEEE Smart Grid Standards

Approved and proposed IEEE smart grid-related standards, including those called out in the NIST Smart Grid Interoperability Standards Framework, are available for purchase. IEEE smart grid standards are also available in our IEEE Standards Online Subscriptions. To learn more about IEEE Standards Online Subscriptions and other subscription packages from IEEE visit the IEEE Innovate portal.

PC37.238 - Standard Profile for Use of IEEE 1588 Precision Time Protocol in Power System Applications

The purpose of this standard is to facilitate adoption of IEEE Std 1588-2008 for power system applications requiring high precision time synchronization. It specifies a common subset of PTP parameters and options to provide global time availability, device interoperability, and failure management.

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P60255-118-1 - Measuring relays and protection equipment - Part 118-1: Synchrophasor for power system - Measurements

This standard is for synchronized phasor measurement systems in power systems. It defines synchronized phasor (synchrophasor), frequency, and rate of change of frequency (ROCOF) measurements.

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P1588 - Standard for a Precision Clock Synchronization Protocol for Networked Measurement and Control Systems

This standard defines a network protocol enabling accurate and precise synchronization of the real-time clocks of devices in networked distributed systems. The protocol is applicable to systems where devices communicate via networks, including Ethernet.

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P802.1AC - Standard for Local and metropolitan area networks-Media Access Control (MAC) Service Definition

The scope of this standard is to define the Media Access Control (MAC) Service provided by all IEEE 802(R)MACs, and the Internal Sublayer Service (ISS) provided within MAC Bridges, in abstract terms of the following: a)Their semantics, primitive actions, and events; and b)The parameters of, interrelationship between, and valid sequences of these actions and events.

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P1711.3 - Standard for Secure SCADA Communications Protocol (SSCP)

This standard defines the Secure SCADA Communications Protocol (SSCP), a cryptographic protocol to provide integrity, and optional confidentiality, for cyber security of substation serial links communications without broadcast message support and without any time requirements.

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P487.1 - Standard for the Electrical Protection of Communication Facilities Serving Electric Supply Locations Through the Use of On-Grid Isolation Equipment

This standard presents workable methods that can be used with greater reliability to improve the electrical protection of metallic wire-line communication facilities serving electric supply locations through the use of on-grid isolation equipment.

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P1894 - Guide for Online Monitoring and Recording Systems for Transient Overvoltages in Electric Power Systems

This guide presents methods for online monitoring and recording of transient overvoltages in power systems. It applies to the measurement and recording of transient overvoltages in power stations, transmission lines, and substations including high voltage (HV), extra-high voltage (EHV), and ultra-high voltage (UHV) systems.

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P487 - Standard for the Electrical Protection of Communication Facilities Serving Electric Supply Locations - General considerations

This Standard presents general considerations for the electrical protection of telecommunication facilities serving electric supply locations.

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487.4-2013 - IEEE Standard for the Electrical Protection of Communication Facilities Serving Electric Supply Locations Through the Use of Neutralizing Transformers

Engineering design procedures for the electrical protection of communication facilities serving electric supply locations through the use of neutralizing transformers are presented in this standard.

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P2030.102.1 - Standard for Interoperability of Internet Protocol Security (IPsec) Utilized within Utility Control Systems

Targeted at security products utilized within control systems deployed throughout the electric utility sector, the approach taken to create the Interoperable Configuration Profiles covers four basic steps: 1. Define functional requirements based on asset owner needs 2. Select open source specification to meet the identified functional requirements 3. Develop interoperable configuration profiles for these specifications tailored for the energy sector control system environment 4. Test and validate the interoperable configuration profiles Multiple ICPs create a modular approach which allows users to require and vendors to support any combination of the Interoperable Configuration Profiles.

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PC37.246 - Guide for Protection Systems of Transmission to Generation Interconnections

This Guide provides guidance to those who are responsible for the protection of electrical interconnections between transmission systems and generation facilities greater than 10 MVA.

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P2030.5 IEEE Draft Standard for Smart Energy Profile 2.0 Application Protocol (P)

P2030.5 IEEE Draft Standard for Smart Energy Profile 2.0 Application Protocol (P)

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P802.3bq - IEEE Standard for Ethernet Amendment: Physical Layer and Management Parameters for 40 Gb/s Operation, Type 40GBASE-T

This standard defines Ethernet local area, access and metropolitan area networks. Ethernet is specified at selected speeds of operation; and uses a common media access control (MAC) specification and management information base (MIB).

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P802.21 - Standard for Local and metropolitan area networks -- Part 21: Media Independent Services Framework

This standard defines an extensible IEEE 802(R) media access independent services framework (i.e., function and protocol) that enables the optimization of handover and other services (e.g., discovery) between heterogeneous IEEE 802 networks.

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P802.21.1 - Standard for Local and metropolitan area networks -- Part 21.1: Media Independent Services

The purpose of this standard is to improve the user experience of mobile devices by describing the necessary services to facilitate interworking between IEEE 802 networks.

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P802.16r - IEEE Standard for Air Interface for Broadband Wireless Access Systems - Amendment for Small Cell Backhaul (SCB)

This standard specifies the air interface, including the medium access control layer (MAC) and physical layer (PHY), of combined fixed and mobile point-to-multipoint broadband wireless access (BWA) systems providing multiple services, including backhaul.

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P1711 - Standard for a Cryptographic Protocol for Cyber Security of Substation Serial Links

This standard defines a cryptographic protocol known as Substation Serial Protection Protocol (SSPP) that can protect the integrity and optional confidentiality of asynchronous serial communications typically used by substation equipment.

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P2030.101 - Guide for Designing a Time Synchronization System for Power Substations

This guide practice covers the design, installation and monitoring of time synchronization systems in power utility substations. This includes time sources such as Global Positioning Satellite (GPS) and time distribution systems such as Inter-Range Instrumentation Group -B (IRIG-B), Network Time Protocol /Simple Network Time Protocol SNTP (NTP/SNTP), and Standard Profile for Use of IEEE Std. 1588 Precision Time Protocol in Power System Applications - IEEE STD C37.238 (tm). This practice assumes that the time source and the Intelligent Electronic Device (IED) have accurate clocks.

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P1888.4 - Green Smart Home and Residential Quarter Control Network Protocol

This standard aims to provide communication protocols and collaborating management solutions for green community control networks, and it specifies the definition and data structure between field equipment, sensors, actuators, equipment produced by various manufacturers, and connections to the Ubiquitous Green Community Control Network (UGCCNet).

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P1547a - Standard for Interconnecting Distributed Resources with Electric Power Systems - Amendment 1

This document provides a uniform standard for interconnection of distributed resources with electric power systems. It provides requirements relevant to the performance, operation, testing, safety considerations, and maintenance of the interconnection.

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C37.111-2013 IEEE Measuring relays and protection equipment – Part 24: Common format for transient data exchange (COMTRADE) for power systems

Also known as IEC 60255-24 Ed.2, this standard defines a format for files containing transient waveform and event data collected from power systems or power system models.

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789-2013 IEEE Standard Performance Requirements for Communications and Control Cables for Application in High Voltage Environments

The standard applies to wires and cables, used principally for power system communications and control purposes, which are located within electric supply locations or are installed within the zone of influence (ZOI) of the supply location ground potential rise (GPR), or which may be buried adjacent to electric power transmission and distribution lines.

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1905.1-2013 IEEE Standard for a Convergent Digital Home Network for Heterogeneous Technologies

An abstraction layer for multiple home networking technologies that provides a common interface to widely deployed home networking technologies is defined in this standard: IEEE 1901 over power lines, IEEE 802.11 for wireless, Ethernet over twisted pair cable, and MoCA 1.1 over coax.

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80-2000 IEEE Guide for Safety in AC Substation Grounding

Outdoor ac substations, either conventional or gas-insulated, are covered in this guide. Distribution, transmission, and generating plant substations are also included. With proper caution, the methods described herein are also applicable to indoor portions of such substations, or to sub-stations that are wholly indoors. No attempt is made to cover the grounding problems peculiar to dc substations. A quantitative analysis of the effects of lightning surges is also beyond the scope of this guide.

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81-1983 IEEE Guide for Measuring Earth Resistivity Ground Impedance and Earth Surface Potentials of a Ground System Part 1: Normal Measurements

The technique of measuring ground resistance and impedance, earth resistivity, potential gradients from currents in the earth, and the prediction of the magnitudes of ground resistance and potential gradients from scale model tests are described and discussed. Factors influencing the choice of instruments and the techniques for various types of measurements are covered. These include the purpose of the measurement, the accuracy required, the type of instruments available, possible sources of error, and the nature of the ground or grounding system under test. Large power station ground grids and counterpoises of transmission lines are examples of such grounding systems. The standard is intended to assist the engineer or technician in obtaining and interpreting accurate, reliable data. It describes test procedures which promote the safety of personnel and property, and prevent interference with the operation of neighboring facilities.

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P81 - Guide for Measuring Earth Resistivity, Ground Impedance, and Earth Surface Potentials of a Grounding System

The test methods and techniques used to measure the electrical characteristics of the grounding system include the following topics: a) Establishing safe testing conditions. b) Measuring earth resistivity. c) Measuring the power system frequency resistance or impedance of the ground system to remote earth. d) Measuring the transient (surge) impedance of the ground system to remote earth. e) Measuring step and touch voltages. f) Verifying the integrity of the grounding system. g) Reviewing common methods and procedures for performing ground testing. h) Reviewing instrumentation characteristics and limitations. i) Reviewing various factors that can distort test measurements.

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81.2-1991 IEEE Guide for Measurement of Impedance and Safety Characteristics of Large Extended or Interconnected Grounding Systems

The purpose of this guide is to present practical instrumentation methods that may be used for the measurement of impedance to remote earth, step and touch potentials, and current distributions of large extended or interconnected grounding systems ranging in complexity from small grids (less than 900 m/sup 2/), with only a few connected overhead or direct burial bare concentric neutrals, to large grids (greater than 20 000 m/sup 2/), with many connected neutrals, overhead ground wires (sky wires), counterpoises, grid tie conductors, cable shields, and metallic pipes.

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367-1996 IEEE Recommended Practice for Determining the Electric Power Station Ground Potential Rise and Induced Voltage From a Power Fault

Guidance for the calculation of power station ground potential rise (GPR) and longitudinal induction (LI) voltages is provided, as well as guidance for their appropriate reduction from worst-case values, for use in metallic telecommunication protection design.

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487-2007 IEEE Recommended Practice for the Protection of Wire-Line Communication Facilities Serving Electric Supply Stations

Workable methods for protecting wire-line communication circuits entering electric supply locations are presented. This document covers: the electric supply location environment; protection apparatus; service types, reliability, service performance objective classifications, and transmission considerations; protection theory and philosophy; protection configurations; installation and inspection; and safety.

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644-1994 IEEE Standard Procedures for Measurement of Power Frequency Electric and Magnetic Fields from AC Power Lines

In this IEEE Standard uniform procedures for the measurement of power frequency electric and magnetic fields from alternating current (AC) overhead power lines and for the calibration of the meters used in these measurements are established. The procedures apply to the measurement of electric and magnetic fields close to ground level. The procedures can also be tentatively applied (with limitations, as specified in the standard) to electric fields near an energized conductor or structure

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656-1992 IEEE Standard for the Measurement of Audible Noise from Overhead Transmission Lines

In this standard uniform procedures are established for manual and automatic measurement of audible noise from overhead transmission lines. Their purpose is to allow valid evaluation and comparison of the audible noise performance of various overhead lines. Definitions are provided, and instruments are specified. Measurement procedures are set forth, and precautions are given. Supporting data that should accompany the measurement data are specified, and methods for presenting the latter are described.

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P789 - Standard Performance Requirements for Communications and Control Cables for Application in High Voltage Environments

This standard applies to wires and cables, used principally for power system communications and control purposes, which are located within electric supply locations or are installed within the zone of influence (ZOI) of the power station ground potential rise (GPR), or which may be buried adjacent to electric power transmission and distribution lines. This standard covers the appropriate design requirements, electrical and mechanical parameters, the testing requirements, and the handling procedures for cables that are to be installed and operated in high voltage environments where they may be subjected to high voltages either by conduction, or induction coupling, or both. Coaxial and fiber optic cables, except for those used in Ethernet applications, are specifically excluded from this standard.

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802-2001 IEEE Standard for Local and Metropolitan Area Networks: Overview and Architecture

IEEE Std 802-2001, IEEE Local and Metropolitan Area Networks: Overview and Architecture, provides an overview to the family of IEEE 802 standards. This amendment to IEEE Std 802-2001 specifies an Object Identifier hierarchy used within IEEE 802 for uniform allocation of Object Identifiers used in IEEE 802 standards.

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P802 - Standard for Local and Metropolitan Area Networks: Overview and Architecture

This standard contains descriptions of the IEEE 802 Standards published by IEEE for Local Area Networks (LANs), Metropolitan Area Networks (MANs), and Personal Area Networks (PANs) networks considered as well as a reference model (RM) for protocol standards. Compliance with the family of IEEE 802 Standards is defined, and a standard for the identification of public, private, and standard protocols is included.

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802.1AB-2009 - IEEE Standard for Local and Metropolitan Area Networks - Station and Media Access Control Connectivity Discovery

This document defines a protocol and a set of managed objects that can be used for discovering the physical topology from adjacent stations in IEEE 8020 LANs

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802.2-1998 Standard for Information Technology - Telecommunications and Information Exchange Between Systems - Local and Metropolitan Area Networks - Specific Requirements - Part 2: Logcal Link Control

This standard is part of a family of standards for local area networks (LANs) and metropolitan area networks (MANs) that deals with the physical and data link layers as defined by the ISO Open Systems Interconnection Basic Reference Model. The functions, features, protocol, and services of the Logical Link Control (LLC) sublayer, which constitutes the top sublayer in the data link layer of the ISO/IEC 8802 LAN protocol, are described. The services required of, or by, the LLC sublayer at the logical interfaces with the network layer, the medium access control (MAC) sublayer, and the LLC sublayer management function are specified. The protocol data unit (PDU) structure for data communication systems is defined using bit-oriented procedures, as are three types of operation for data communication between service access points. In the first type of operation, PDUs are exchanged between LLCs without the need for the establishment of a data link connection. In the second type of operation, a data link connection is established between two LLCs prior to any exchange of information-bearing PDUs. In the third type of operation, PDUs are exchanged between LLCs without the need for the establishment of a data link connection, but stations are permitted to both send data and request the return of data simultaneously.

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802.11-2012 IEEE Standard for Information Technology - Telecommunications and Information Exchange Between Systems - Local and Metropolitan Area Networks - Specific Requirements - Part 11: Wireless LAN Medium Access Control (MAC) and Physical Layer (P

The scope of this standard is to define one medium access control (MAC) and several physical layer (PHY) specifications for wireless connectivity for fixed, portable, and moving stations (STAs) within a local area.

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802.15.4-2006 IEEE Standard for Information Technology - Telecommunications and Information Exchange Between Systems - Local and Metropolitan Area Networks - Specific Requirements - Part 15.4: Wireless Medium Access Control (MAC) and Physical Layer (PHY)

This standard defines the protocol and compatible interconnection for data communication devices using low-data-rate, low-power and low-complexity, short-range radio frequency (RF) transmissions in a wireless personal area network (WPAN).

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802.15.4e-2012 - IEEE Standard for Local and metropolitan area networks--Part 15.4: Low-Rate Wireless Personal Area Networks (LR-WPANs) Amendment 1: MAC sublayer

IEEE Std 802.15.4-2011 is amended by this standard. The intention of this amendment is to enhance and add functionality to the IEEE 802.15.4 MAC to (a) better support the industrial markets and (b) permit compatibility with modifications being proposed within the Chinese WPAN.

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802.15.4g-2012 IEEE Standard for Information Technology - Telecommunications and Information Exchange Between Systems - Local and Metropolitan Area Networks - Specific Requirements - Part 15.4: Wireless Medium Access Control (MAC) and Physical Layer (PHY)

(See explanatory notes in Secton 8.1) This Standard defines an amendment to IEEE 802.15.4. It addresses principally outdoor Low Data Rate Wireless Smart Metering Utility Network requirements. It defines an alternate PHY and only those MAC modifications needed to support its implementation. Specifically, the amendment supports all of the following: • Operation in any of the regionally available license exempt frequency bands, such as 700MHz to 1GHz, and the 2.4 GHz band. • Data rate of at least 40 kbits per second but not more than 1000 kbits per second • . Achieve the optimal energy efficient link margin given the environmental conditions encountered in Smart Metering deployments. • Principally outdoor communications • PHY frame sizes up to a minimum of 1500 octets • Simultaneous operation for at least 3 co-located orthogonal networks • Connectivity to at least one thousand direct neighbors characteristic of dense urban deployment Provides mechanisms that enable coexistence with other systems in the same band(s) including IEEE 802.11, 802.15 and 802.16 systems.

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802.16-2012 IEEE Approved Draft Standard for local and metropolitan area networks Part 16: Air Interface for Broadband Wireless Access Systems

This standard specifies the air interface, including the medium access control layer (MAC) and physical layer (PHY), of combined fixed and mobile point-to-multipoint broadband wireless access (BWA) systems providing multiple services. The MAC is structured to support multiple physical layer (PHY) specifications, each suited to a particular operational environment. The standard enables rapid worldwide deployment of innovative, cost ffective, and nteroperable multivendor broadband wireless access products, acilitates competition in roadband access by providing alternatives to wireline broadband ccess, encourages onsistent worldwide spectrum allocations, and accelerates the ommercialization of broadband ireless access systems. The standard is a revision of IEEEE Std 02.16-2004, and onsolidates material from IEEE Std 802.16eTM-2005, IEEE 802.16 004/Cor1-2005, IEEE 02.16fTM-2005, and IEEE Std 802.16gTM-2007, along with additional maintenance items and nhancements to the management information base specifications. This revision supersedes nd makes obsolete IEEE Std 802.16-2004 and all of its subsequent amendments and orrigenda.

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802.16.1a-2013 - Standard for WirelessMAN-Advanced Air Interface for Broadband Wireless Access Systems - Amendment: Higher Reliability Networks

This amendment specifies protocol enhancements to the medium access control layer (MAC) for enabling increased robustness and alternate radio path establishment in degraded network conditions. Limited WirelessMAN-Advanced physical layer extensions are included for enabling operation with radio path redundancy and direct communication between subscriber stations. Also mobile base stations and mobile relay stations are supported.

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802.16.1b-2012 - IEEE Standard for WirelessMAN-Advanced Air Interface for Broadband Wireless Access Systems Amendment 1: Enhancements to Support Machine-to-Machine Applications

This amendment specifies medium access control (MAC) enhancements and minimal WirelessMAN-Advanced physical layer (PHY) modifications in licensed bands to support lower power consumption at the device, support by the base station of significantly larger numbers of devices, efficient support for small burst transmissions, and improved device authentication.

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802.20-2008 - IEEE Standard for Local and Metropolitan Area Networks - Part 20: Air Interface for Mobile Broadband Wireless Access Systems Supporting Vehicular Mobility -- Physical and Media Access Control Layer Specification

The technical requirements of this standard form a compatibility standard for mobile broadband wireless access systems. The standard ensures that a compliant access terminal (AT) or user terminal (UT) can obtain service through any access node (AN) or base station (BS) conforming to properly selected modes of this standard, consistent with equipment and operator requirements, thus providing a framework for the rapid development of cost-effective, multivendor mobile broadband wireless access systems. This compatibility standard is targeted for use in a wide variety of licensed frequency bands and regulatory environments.This standard provides for future standardized extension capabilities. The architecture defined by this standard permits such expansion without the loss of backward compatibility.

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802.20.2-2010 - IEEE Standard for Conformance to IEEE 802.20 Systems--Protocol Implementation Conformance Statement (PICS) Proforma

The technical requirements of this standard form a compatibility standard for mobile broadband wireless access systems. The standard ensures that a compliant access terminal (AT) or user terminal (UT) can obtain service through any access node (AN) or base station (BS) conforming to properly selected modes of this standard, consistent with equipment and operator requirements, thus providing a framework for the rapid development of cost-effective, multivendor mobile broadband wireless access systems. This compatibility standard is targeted for use in a wide variety of licensed frequency bands and regulatory environments.This standard provides for future standardized extension capabilities. The architecture defined by this standard permits such expansion without the loss of backward compatibility.

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1020-2011 IEEE Guide for Control of Small (100 kVA to 5 MVA) Hydroelectric Power Plants

This guide describes the electrical control and monitoring requirements for equipment and systems associated with small (100 kVA to 5 MVA) hydroelectric power plants.

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1031-2011 IEEE Guide for the Functional Specification of Transmission Static Var Compensators

This guide assists users in specifying the functional requirements for transmission static Var compensators (SVCs) using conventional thyristor technology. It will not serve for SVCs primarily associated with DC converters nor with the correction of load disturbances or phase unbalance. Nevertheless many sections will be useful for compensator systems using gate turn-off (GTO) thyristor technology [static compensator (STATCOM)] or other semiconductor devices, or SVCs associated with high-voltage dc (HVDC) converter stations, or industrial and distribution applications. General terms and conditions forming the commercial part of a specification for a particular project are outside the scope of this document.

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1127-1998 IEEE Guide for the Design, Construction, and Operation of Electric Power Substations for Community Acceptance and Environmental Compatibility

Significant community acceptance and environmental compatibility items to be considered during the planning and design phases, the construction period, and the operation of electric supply substations are identified, and ways to address these concerns to obtain community acceptance and environmental compatibility are documented. On-site generation and telecommunication facilities are not considered.

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P1127a - Guide for the Design, Construction, and Operation of Electric Power Substations for Community Acceptance and Environmental Compatibility

This guide identifies significant community acceptance and environmental compatibility items to be considered during the planning and design phases, the construction period, and the operation of electric supply substations, and documents ways to address these concerns to obtain community acceptance and environmental compatibillity. On-site generation and telecommunication facilities are not considered.

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1138-2009 IEEE Standard for Testing and Performance for Optical Ground Wire (OPGW) for Use on Electric Utility Power Lines

The performance, test requirements, procedures, and acceptance criteria for a transmission line overhead ground wire (a.k.a. shield wire, static wire, earth wire, skywire) with optical fibers commonly known as optical ground wire (OPGW) are covered. Functional requirements, such as electrical, mechanical, optical fiber, environmental, and packaging, and test requirements related to design, installation, in-service, and maintenance, including routine tests, are covered.

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1159.3-2003 IEEE Recommended Practice for the Transfer of Power Quality Data

This recommended practice defines a file format suitable for exchanging power quality related measurement and simulation data in a vendor independent manner. The format is designed to represent all power quality phenomena identified in IEEE Std 1159 TM -1995, IEEE Recommended Practice on Monitoring Electric Power Quality, other power related measurement data, and is extensible to other data types as well. The recommended file format utilizes a highly compressed storage scheme to minimize disk space and transmission times. The utilization of globally unique identifiers (GUID) to represent each element in the file permits the format to be extensible without the need for a central registration authority.

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1222-2003 IEEE Standard for All-Dielectric Self-Supporting Fiber Optic Cable

Construction, mechanical, electrical, and optical performance, installation guidelines, acceptance criteria, test requirements, environmental considerations, and accessories for an all-dielectric, nonmetallic, self-supporting fiber optic (ADSS) cable are covered in this standard. The ADSS cable is designed to be located primarily on overhead utility facilities. This standard provides both construction and performance requirements that ensure within the guidelines of the standard that the dielectric capabilities of the cable components and maintenance of optical fiber integrity and optical transmissions are proper. This standard may involve hazardous materials, operations, and equipment. It does not purport to address all of the safety issues associated with its use, and it is the responsibility of the user to establish appropriate safety and health practices and to determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

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1247-2005 IEEE Standard for Interrupter Switches for Alternating Current Rated Above 1000 Volts

The basic requirements of interrupter switches used indoors, outdoors, and in enclosures are covered. This standard does not apply to load-break separable insulated connectors.

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1250-2011 IEEE Guide for Identifying and Improving Voltage Quality in Power Systems

The reader of this guide will find discussions of ways to identify and improve voltage quality in power systems, as well as references to publications in this area. More specifically, this guide includes: a) Voltage quality levels from benchmarking studies b) Factors that affect power system performance c) Mitigation measures that improve power system performance d) References to current relevant in-depth IEEE standards and other documents.This guide only addresses subjects in depth where no other power quality reference does so. It is a"e;gateway"e; document for power quality that points the way to other documents in this field.

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1250-1995 IEEE Recommended Practice for Measurement and Limits of Voltage Fluctuations and Associated Light Flicker on AC Power Systems

Voltage fluctuations on electric power systems sometimes give rise to noticeable illumination changes from lighting equipment. This phenomenon is often referred to as flicker, lamp flicker, and sometimes voltage flicker. This recommended practice provides specifications for measurement of this phenomenon and recommends acceptable levels for 120 V, 60 Hz and 230 V, 50 Hz AC electric power systems. It does not make any flicker emission specifications for certification of individual products manufactured for use on these systems.

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1325-1996 IEEE Recommended Practice for Reporting Field Failure Data for Power Circuit Breakers

A format is presented that provides a concise and meaningful method for recording pertinent information on power circuit breaker field failures. It is recommended that this format be utilized in record keeping and directing corrective action to improve field reliability of power circuit breakers.

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1366-2012 IEEE Guide for Electric Power Distribution Reliability Indices

This guide identifies distribution reliability indices and factors that affect their calculation. It includes indices, which are useful today, as well as ones that may be useful in the future. The indices are intended to apply to distribution systems, substations, circuits, and defined regions.

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1377 - IEEE Standard for Utility Industry Metering Communication Protocol Application Layer (End Device Data Tables)

This Standard defines a Table structure for utility application data to be passed between an End Device and any other device. It neither defines device design criteria nor specifies the language or protocol used to transport that data. The Tables defined in this standard represent data structure that shall be used to transport the data, not necessarily the data storage format used inside the End Device.

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1379-2000 IEEE Recommended Practice for Data Communications Between Remote Terminal Units and Intelligent Electronic Devices in a Substation

A uniform set of guidelines for communications and interoperations of remote terminal units (RTUs) and intelligent electronic devices (IEDs) in an electric utility substation is provided. A mechanism for adding data elements and message structures to this recommended practice is described.

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1402-2000 IEEE Guide for Electric Power Substation Physical and Electronic Security

Security issues related to human intrusion upon electric power supply substations are identified and discussed. Various methods and techniques presently being used to mitigate human intrusions are also presented in this guide.

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1409-2012 IEEE Guide for the Application of Power Electronics for Power Quality Improvement on Distribution Systems Rated 1 kV Through 38 kV

This guide introduces and defines the emerging technology of custom power. This technology involves devices and circuit configurations of power electronic equipment used in utility power distribution systems rated 1 kV through 38 kV for the purposes of mitigating problems associated with power quality. This guide also includes definitions, general need guidelines, performance objectives, electrical environments, input/output criteria, performance measurements, case studies, bibliography, and engineering trade-offs. The proposed document addresses power assessment techniques as specified by IEEE Std 1250-1005, which defines power quality terms and phenomena, and IEEE Std 1159-1995 which provides a recommended practice for measuring power quality.

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1453-2004 IEEE Recommended Practice for Measurement and Limits of Voltage Fluctuations and Associated Light Flicker on AC Power Systems

Voltage fluctuations on electric power systems sometimes give rise to noticeable illumination changes from lighting equipment. This phenomenon is often referred to as flicker, lamp flicker, and sometimes voltage flicker. This recommended practice provides specifications for measurement of this phenomenon and recommends acceptable levels for 120 V, 60 Hz and 230 V, 50 Hz AC electric power systems. It does not make any flicker emission specifications for certification of individual products manufactured for use on these systems.

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1459–2010 IEEE Standard Definitions for the Measurement of Electric Power Quantities under Sinusoidal Non-Sinusoidal Balanced or Unbalanced Conditions

Definitions used for measurement of electric power quantities under sinusoidal, nonsinusoidal, balanced, or unbalanced conditions are provided in this standard. Mathematical expressions that were used in the past, as well as new expressions, are listed, as well as explanations of the features of the new definitions.

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1471-2000 IEEE Recommended Practice for Architectural Description for Software- Intensive Systems

This recommended practice addresses the activities of the creation, analysis, and sustainment of architectures of software-intensive systems, and the recording of such architectures in terms of architectural descriptions . A conceptual framework for architectural description is established. The content of an architectural description is defined. Annexes provide the rationale for key concepts and terminology, the relationships to other standards, and examples of usage.

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1547-2003 IEEE Standard for Interconnecting Distributed Resources with Electric Power Systems

This standard is the first in the 1547 series of interconnection standards and is a benchmark milestone demonstrating the open consensus process for standards development. Traditionally, utility electric power systems (EPS--grid or utility grid) were not designed to accommodate active generation and storage at the distribution level. As a result, there are major issues and obstacles to an orderly transition to using and integrating distributed power resources with the grid. The lack of uniform national interconnection standards and tests for interconnection operation and certification, as well as the lack of uniform national building, electrical, and safety codes, are understood. IEEE Std 1547 and its development demonstrate a model for ongoing success in establishing additional interconnection agreements, rules, and standards, on a national, regional, and state level. IEEE Std 1547 has the potential to be used in federal legislation and rule making and state public utilities commission (PUC) deliberations, and by over 3000 utilities in formulating technical requirements for interconnection agreements for distributed generators powering the electric grid. This standard focuses on the technical specifications for, and testing of, the interconnection itself. It provides requirements relevant to the performance, operation, testing, safety considerations, and maintenance of the interconnection. It includes general requirements, response to abnormal conditions, power quality, islanding, and test specifications and requirements for design, production, installation evaluation, commissioning, and periodic tests. The stated requirements are universally needed for interconnection of distributed resources (DR), including synchronous machines, induction machines, or power inverters/converters and will be sufficient for most installations. The criteria and requirements are applicable to all DR technologies, with aggregate capacity of 10 MVA or less at the point of common couplin- g, interconnected to electric power systems at typical primary and/or secondary distribution voltages. Installation of DR on radial primary and secondary distribution systems is the main emphasis of this document, although installation of DR on primary and secondary network distribution systems is considered. This standard is written considering that the DR is a 60 Hz source.

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1547.1-2005 IEEE Standard Conformance Test Procedures for Equipment Interconnecting Distributed Resources with Electric Power Systems

In this paper, technical background and application details to support understanding of IEEE Std 1547-2003 are provided. The guide facilitates the use of IEEE Std 1547-2003 by characterizing various forms of distributed resource (DR) technologies and their associated interconnection issues. It provides background and rationale of the technical requirements of IEEE Std 1547-2003. It also provides tips, techniques, and rules of thumb, and it addresses topics related to DR project implementation to enhance the user's understanding of how IEEE Std 1547-2003 may relate to those topics. This guide is intended for use by engineers, engineering consultants, and knowledgeable individuals in the field of DR. The IEEE 1547 series of standards is cited in the Federal Energy Policy Act of 2005, and this guide is one document in the IEEE 1547 series.

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1547.2-2008 IEEE Application Guide for IEEE Std 1547, IEEE Standard for Interconnecting Distributed Resources with Electric Power Systems

In this paper, technical background and application details to support understanding of IEEE Std 1547-2003 are provided. The guide facilitates the use of IEEE Std 1547-2003 by characterizing various forms of distributed resource (DR) technologies and their associated interconnection issues. It provides background and rationale of the technical requirements of IEEE Std 1547-2003. It also provides tips, techniques, and rules of thumb, and it addresses topics related to DR project implementation to enhance the user's understanding of how IEEE Std 1547-2003 may relate to those topics. This guide is intended for use by engineers, engineering consultants, and knowledgeable individuals in the field of DR. The IEEE 1547 series of standards is cited in the Federal Energy Policy Act of 2005, and this guide is one document in the IEEE 1547 series.

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1547.3-2007 IEEE Guide For Monitoring, Information Exchange, and Control of Distributed Resources Interconnected With Electric Power Systems

This guide is intended to facilitate the interoperability of distributed resources (DR) and help DR project stakeholders implement monitoring, information exchange, and control (MIC) to support the technical and business operations of DR and transactions among the stakeholders. The focus is on MIC between DR controllers and stakeholder entities with direct communication interactions. This guide incorporates information modeling, use case approaches, and a proforma information exchange template and introduces the concept of an information exchange interface. The concepts and approaches are compatible with historical approaches to establishing and satisfying MIC needs. The IEEE 1547trade series of standards is cited in the U.S. Federal Energy Policy Act of 2005, and this guide is one document in the IEEE 1547 series. This guide is primarily concerned with MIC between the DR unit controller and the outside world. However, the concepts and methods should also prove helpful to manufacturers and implementers of communications systems for loads, energy management systems, SCADA, electric power system and equipment protection, and revenue metering. The guide does not address the economic or technical viability of specific types of DR. It provides use case methodology and examples (e.g., examples of DR unit dispatch, scheduling, maintenance, ancillary services, and reactive supply). Market drivers will determine which DR applications become viable. This document provides guidelines rather than mandatory requirements or prioritized preferences.

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1547.4-2011 IEEE Guide for Design, Operation, and Integration of Distributed Resource Island Systems with Electric Power Systems

This document provides alternative approaches and good practices for the design, operation, and integration of distributed resource (DR) island systems with electric power systems (EPS). This includes the ability to separate from and reconnect to part of the area EPS while providing power to the islanded local EPSs. This guide includes the distributed resources, interconnection systems, and participating electric power systems.

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1547.6-2011 IEEE Recommended Practice For Interconnecting Distributed Resources With Electric Power Systems Distribution Secondary Networks

This standard builds upon IEEE Standard 1547 for the interconnection of distributed resources (DR) to distribution secondary network systems. This standard establishes recommended criteria, requirements and tests, and provides guidance for interconnection of distribution secondary network system types of area electric power systems (Area EPS) with distributed resources (DR) providing electric power generation in local electric power systems (Local EPS).

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P1547.7 - Guide to Conducting Distribution Impact Studies for Distributed Resource Interconnection

This guide describes criteria, scope, and extent for engineering studies of the impact on area electric power systems of a distributed resource or aggregate distributed resource interconnected to an area electric power distribution system.

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