A Special Issue on Customers
By David G. Hart, Juergen Holbach, Saman Alaeddini, Ashok Gopalakrishnan
From electromechanical to microprocessor based relays, historically, the approach has been to “set and forget” the settings. While settings may have been reviewed with new system additions or upgrades, human resource demands and other priorities often limit system wide settings reviews. When new North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC) requirements take effect, utilities will be required to perform periodic reviews of their Bulk Electric System (BES) relay settings to ensure proper coordination.
By Daniel Akinyele, Ramesh Rayudu and Richard Blanchard
Remote microgrids currently account for over 50 percent of the total installed microgrids worldwide. Such systems have a huge potential to electrify isolated parts of the world, but they have to be carefully planned to achieve a sustainable energy supply. This article presents the planning dimensions for microgrids in energy-poor communities. It underscores the framework necessary to design, develop, manage and ensure a long-term viability of the systems. Such a framework integrates the social, technical, economic, environmental and the policy perspectives, thus, providing a sound understanding of the processes and the stakeholders over the life cycle of the systems’ development.
By James Graham, Matt Turner and Adel Elmaghraby
Cybersecurity, which continues to be elusive for large cyber-physical systems, will become even more critical with the decentralization of the power grid due to proliferation of distributed renewable energy sources. This article provides an overview of the problem and some potential solutions, drawing on materials from a recent Kentucky Public Service Commission study and the National Institute of Standards and Technology Cybersecurity Framework.
By Peter Wung
IEEE has nine Smart Grid Domains that were created by members who were inspired by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Conceptual Model to create technical communities to advance the development of the Smart Grid.