Cyber-Physical Security and Resiliency of the Electric Grid

This tutorial has been canceled.

Tutorial Overview:
Information and communication technologies are enabled to realize the smart grid vision but also bring vulnerabilities. It is important to analyze the impact of possible cyber-attacks on the power grid and develop defense mechanisms. Cyber-physical security analysis needs to be performed to minimize the impact of the potential cyber attacks on the power grid. Keeping the power on to critical facilities, such as hospitals and fire departments, during cyber events is essential.

Microgrids and DER can improve the resiliency of the critical loads during cyber-attacks and grid disturbances. There is a need for formal metrics to quantify resiliency of the electric grid, or different configurations of the same network.

This tutorial series will cover the basics of cyber infrastructure for the power grid, cyber vulnerabilities, common vulnerabilities and exposures (CVE) score, recent cyber attacks against the power grid, cyber-physical security analysis, defining resiliency, and a tool to study the cyber-physical resiliency of the electric grid.

The online tutorials will cover the following topics:
Session 1

  • Introduction to Cyber Security: Why it is important for the power grid as a cyber-physical system.
  • Cyber Infrastructure for the Power Grid: Cyber system supporting the power grid and brief description.
  • Security Principles and Risk Assessment: CIA concepts and how it is applicable to the power grid with easy example for explanations. Threats, Vulnerabilities, CVE and Risk assessment. How attacks happen and have been increasing on the power grid.

Session 2

  • Cyber Attack Classification: How to classify cyber attacks including man in the middle, denial of service, eavesdropping, spoofing etc.
  • Tools and Security Defense Mechanisms: Available tools and existing practices for defense mechanisms and how they can be improved in future.
  • Ukraine Cyber Attack and Summary: Discuss the Ukraine cyber attack and compare with STUXNET. Demo for enacting the attack using CANVASS simulation tools. Summary of the take-away lessons.

Session 3

  • Introduction to Resiliency and Defining It: Need for resiliency assessment and motivation with increasing weather events and cyber events. How to define resiliency and what characteristics are needed in the resilient power grid.
  • Measuring Resiliency: Process to measure resiliency and how it will be useful for the utilities.
  • Composite Resiliency Metric using AHP: Mathematical details for the resiliency assessment algorithm using the Analytical Hierarchal Process and an example using IEEE test systems and utility test systems.

Session 4

  • Composite Resiliency Metric using Choquet Integral: Mathematical details for resiliency assessment algorithms using Choquet Integral and an example using IEEE test systems.
  • Cyber- Physical Resiliency using CyPhyR and CANVASS: Demo using CyPhyR and CANVASS and explaining how it works for the planning and operation phase. CANVASS demo includes analyzing Ukraine attack with the resiliency assessment tool.
  • Grid Resiliency and Summary: How concepts developed for distributions systems can be extended for the power grid including transmission, distribution and microgrid systems. Summary of the take-away lessons.

Session price varies based upon IEEE membership. The course will run in four 80-minute sessions via Webex. Registration for each session via the Resource Center is required.

About the Presenters

Anurag K. Srivastava

Anurag K. Srivastava is an associate professor of electric power engineering at Washington State University and the director of the Smart Grid Demonstration and Research Investigation Lab (SGDRIL) within the Energy System Innovation Center (ESIC). He received his Ph.D. degree in electrical engineering from the Illinois Institute of Technology in 2005.

In past years, he has worked in different capacities at the Réseau de transport d´électricité in France; RWTH Aachen University in Germany; Idaho National Laboratory, Pacific Northwest National Lab, PJM Interconnection, Schweitzer Engineering Lab (SEL), GE Grid Solutions, Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Mississippi State University in USA; Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur in India; as well as at Asian Institute of Technology in Thailand. His research interest includes data-driven algorithms for power system operation and control.

Dr. Srivastava is a senior member of the IEEE, secretary of IEEE PES PEEC committee, co-chair of the microgrid working group, secretary of PES voltage stability working group, chair of PES synchrophasors applications working group, past-chair of the IEEE PES career promotion subcommittee, past-chair of the IEEE Power & Energy Society’s (PES) student activities committee, and past vice-chair of the IEEE synchrophasor conformity assessment program. Dr. Srivastava is an associate editor of the IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid, editor of IET Generation, Transmission and Distribution, an IEEE distinguished lecturer, and the author of more than 250 technical publications including a book on power system security and 4 pending/awarded patents.

Adam Hahn

Adam Hahn is an assistant professor in the Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science at Washington State University. His research interests include cyber-security of the smart grid and cyber-physical systems (CPS), including intrusion detection, risk modeling, vulnerability assessment, and secure system architectures. He received the M.S. and Ph.D. degrees from the Iowa State University in 2006 and 2013.

Attendees will be eligible to receive Continuing Education Credit (CEU).