Virtual Internships in Southern California Edison

By Matthew Gomez, Adam Pham, and Manuel Avendaño

Southern California Edison Company (SCE) serves a population of approximately 15 million in a 129,500-square-kilometer service area within Central, Coastal, and Southern California, USA. SCE is building the grid of the future to support more clean energy, make way for more electric vehicles, and to protect against the impacts of extreme weather. Creating this clean energy future takes all kinds of talent and people. From craft workers to engineers, data scientists to environmental and cyber experts, and everything in between. SCE increases its talent pipeline through internships and offers these programs with the belief that learning, and development are important parts of building upcoming leaders. With COVID-19, SCE has had to work quickly to find new, innovative, and safe ways to handle its internship program.  This article provides an overview of SCE’s internship program in 2020 and discusses two recent projects led by SCE interns.

SCE’s Summer Internship program is a ten- or twelve-week paid opportunity to gain hands-on experience with meaningful work, while developing skills, and building networks. Typically, interns also can participate in intern mixers, executive speaker series, site tours, community volunteer events, and cross-company networking. In 2020, due to evolving changes related to the COVID-19, SCE decided to run its entire internship program virtually for the first time. As a result, interns have been asked to leverage digital tools such as video interviewing and other formats. SCE recently kicked off its annual summer internship program and more than 150 interns are gaining real-life experience through virtual internships. Highlights of the virtual internship program include:

  • Maintained the tradition of meaningful work and a robust event engagement experience virtually
  • Intern orientation was conducted via Adobe Connect to educate interns about critical SCE information
  • A dedicated team within SCE team planned a variety of virtual educational and various networking events, for example, speaker events, Ally 101 training, résumé review, brown bags, and so forth
  • An Intern Expo was conducted live via Microsoft Teams, giving interns the opportunity to present the projects they worked on throughout the summer company-wide

Intern Project #1 – Maximum Flows Study

One of the intern projects was to analyze the reliability of a major transmission path connecting SCE’s system and a large municipal facility by means of maximum flows study. Computer models of the bulk electric system forecasted to the summer of 2025 were used to stress the transmission path to its rated maximum and observed the impact on the overall reliability of the system. The performance of the system was analyzed under both steady state and transient conditions using PowerWorld simulator. In steady state, the system must not experience thermal overloads on any lines or transformers above 100% of their limits. Under transient conditions, bus voltages must recover to their pre-fault operating point after a fault is cleared and the system must settle around a new equilibrium for the system to be considered stable.

Once the power flow on the path of interest was increased to its maximum, a contingency analysis was performed. Several possible outages that could occur within the system were simulated to ensure that system performance meets regulatory standards. The contingency analysis revealed several voltage and line overload violations that needed to be addressed to maintain normal operating conditions. An additional voltage stability analysis was performed to determine the system response to large disturbances, i.e., line or bus faults followed by the opening of lines or transformers to clear the fault. The bus voltages at key buses of the US Western Interconnection were visualized and analyzed to determine whether the system is performing optimally.

The results of this study show the impact that the transmission path of interest has on the overall performance of the bulk electric system. For most of the transient contingencies, the voltages stabilize after faults are cleared. There are a few instances where the recovery of the bus voltages is delayed, however, this is to be expected with the use of new dynamic load models. Overall, bus voltages reach their pre-fault operating point after several seconds and all transient stability performance violations were investigated and mitigated.

Intern Project #2 – Bulk Power System Limit Study

Another intern project was a study of a major transmission path that consists of a group of facilities within the Western Interconnection. The purpose of the study was to maximize the flow across the major transmission path and determine potential system limits during single and multiple contingency events (i.e., unplanned outages). Although operators have a regulatory obligation to intervene (i.e., secure the system by making necessary system adjustments) within 30 minutes following contingency events, the study assumes the operator does not have adequate time to adjust the system within 30 minutes of the event.

The study particularly focused on overlapping single contingencies, where two unrelated outages (e.g., loss of two separate transmission lines) occur within 30 minutes of each other and the operator fails to intervene. The operator’s inability to adjust the system in-between overlapping single contingencies can impact the overall transmission system reliability and can cause instability, uncontrolled separation, or cascading outages. As such, the system may not be able to regain a state of equilibrium after being subjected to such a disturbance. The study, therefore, identified potential bulk power system limits that can be provided to real-time operators for situational awareness. Ultimately, awareness of system limits is crucial to ensuring the safe and reliable operation of the grid during real-time conditions.

The study was conducted using PowerWorld to process simulated contingencies in the form of steady state and transient stability analyses. The initial conditions of the bulk system computer models were based on the forecasted load and generation of the chosen study year. Steady state analysis was performed to identify what issues may arise for simulated contingency events. Contingencies that resulted in thermal loadings above 100% of the associated transmission line emergency ratings were identified. This approach is carried out for all elements above 100kV within SCE’s planning area. Transient stability analysis was performed to see how the power system stabilizes after a large disturbance, such as a fault. Finally, the path was stressed up to 5% above its rating, before voltage stability simulations were performed during contingency events.

The results of the study indicate whether a potential cascading event will occur when a major transmission path flow is maximized, and system adjustments in-between unplanned outages are not made quickly by the operator. The results and findings are subsequently documented in a report and shared with the California Independent System Operator, who oversees the operation of California's bulk power system.

 

This article edited by Mehrdad Rostami

For a downloadable copy of the October 2020 eNewsletter which includes this article, please visit the IEEE Smart Grid Resource Center.

IEEE bio photo
Matthew Gomez is an intern with SCE’s Integrated System Strategy group. As part of the Regional Studies team, Matthew helps ensure that the bulk-electric system will continue to meet regulatory performance criteria even as the system changes. Matthew assists system planners with interregional reliability assessments by performing contingency and transient stability analyses in order to observe whether the response meets the required regulatory standards. He began working at SCE as a summer intern in May 2020 but has been converted to a year-round intern as of August 2020. He will continue working with the Regional Studies team to contribute to SCE’s efforts to maintain a stable and reliable grid. Matthew is currently a senior electrical engineering student at CSULA and plans to enroll in an MS graduate program in electrical engineering in order to gain an in-depth understanding of advanced power systems topics.
adam pham
Adam Pham is an intern at Southern California Edison (SCE) and is currently pursuing a bachelor’s degree in Electrical Engineering at UC Irvine. Within SCE, he is a Power System Planner who helps to mitigate potential causes of transmission system stability. He is doing this through the utilization of simulation software that allows planners to replicate scenarios where system stability is at risk and proceed to adjust the system as needed. His summer intern experience has gotten him interested in learning more about SCE’s exciting projects to support clean energy pathways by 2045. SCE’s vision to achieve this includes significant decarbonization of electricity, increases in electrified transportation, and a transition to lower carbon fuels. He believes that these exciting goals, though challenging, will revolutionize the sustainability of energy distribution, and hopes to eventually be a part of these positive changes.
manuel avendano 102x132
Dr. Manuel Avendaño is a Sr Engineering Manager at Southern California Edison (SCE). As a member of SCE’s Integrated System Strategy, Manuel leads a team of engineering managers and engineers tasked with rethinking the transmission system to achieve 100% carbon-free electricity. Key team’s responsibilities include performing interregional reliability assessments focused on the proliferation of inverter-based resources; coordinating WECC and NERC participation and bulk-power system planning; and conducting long-term grid import planning analyses and transmission interconnection assessments. Previously, he was the Manager of Emerging Technology at Commonwealth Edison and Project Engineer at S&C Electric Company.
Manuel earned a bachelor’s degree and a master’s degree in Electrical Engineering in Mexico and a PhD in Electrical Engineering in United Kingdom. Manuel, a Senior Member of IEEE, currently serves as the Chair of the IEEE Distribution Subcommittee and Chair of the R&D Committee of IEEE Smart Grid.

IEEE Smart Grid Newsletter Editors

Past Issues

To view archived articles, and issues, which deliver rich insight into the forces shaping the future of the smart grid, please visit the IEEE Smart Grid Resource Center.

IEEE Smart Grid Newsletter Compendium

The IEEE Smart Grid Newsletter Compendium "Smart Grid: The Next Decade" is the first of its kind promotional compilation featuring 32 "best of the best" insightful articles from recent issues of the IEEE Smart Grid Newsletter and will be the go-to resource for industry professionals for years to come. Click here to read "Smart Grid: The Next Decade"